Some people may experience relief from the symptoms of indigestion by eating small, several low fat meals throughout the day at a slow pace; refraining from smoking; abstaining from consuming coffee, carbonated beverages and alcohol; stopping use of medications that might irritate the stomach lining- such as aspirin or anti inflammatory drugs; taking enough rest; finding ways to decrease emotional and physical stress, such as relaxation therapy or yoga.
To diagnose indigestion the doctor asks about the person’s current symptoms and medical history and performs a physical examination. The doctor may X-rays of the stomach and small intestine.
The doctor may perform blood, stool or breath tests if the type of bacteria that causes peptic ulcer disease is suspected as the cause of indigestion. Endoscopy of the upper elementary canal may be performed.
After giving a sedative to help the person become drowsy, the doctor passes an endoscope- a long, thin tube that has a light and small camera on the end. It is passed through the mouth, and the doctor gently guides it down the esophagus into the stomach.
The doctor can look at the esophagus and stomach with the endoscope to check for any abnormalities. The doctor may perform biopsies, removing small pieces of tissue for examination with a microscope to look for possible damage from gastroesophageal reflux disease or due to an infection.
Medical related dyspepsia is usually related to non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs and can be complicated by bleeding or ulceration with perforation of stomach wall.
The doctor may also recommend over the counter and antacids or medications that can reduce the acid production or help the stomach move the food more quickly into the small intestine. Most of these medications can be purchased without a prescription.
Non prescription medications should only be used at the dose and for the length of time recommended on the label, unless otherwise advised differently by a doctor. Informing the doctor when starting a new medication is important.
Medical tourism in India- Vaidam has cured many cases of chronic indigestion, which is difficult to be cured and plausible causes cannot be known. Many brands of antacids on the market use different combinations of three basic salts calcium, magnesium and aluminum with hydroxide or bicarbonate ions to neutralize the acid in the stomach. Antacids, however can have side effects.
Magnesium salt can lead to diarrhea and aluminum salt may cause constipation. Aluminum and magnesium salts are often combined in a single product to balance these effects. Calcium carbonate antacids can also be a supplemental source of calcium though they may cause constipation.
Hydrogen receptor antagonists include ranitidine, famotidine, histidine and cimetidine. These are available both by prescription and over the counter. Hydrogen receptor antagonists treat symptoms of in digestion by reducing the stomach acid.
They work longer than but not as quickly as antacids. Side effects of hydrogen receptor antagonists may include nausea, constipation, headache, vomiting, diarrhea and unusual bleeding or bruising. If testing shows the type of bacteria that causes peptic ulcer disease, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat the condition.