No place in the world like India to do tourism ” Namaskar “ … a magical word of welcome that awaits you as soon as you arrive and that is pronounced with sincerity, crossed hands and a nod, as a symbol of a hospitality that can not go unnoticed. A vacation in India is not like anywhere else but an experience no less than falling in love.
In each trip you can see the country, its mystery and its eternal beauty. India has everything imaginable and much more … .Travel to friendship and festivity. From the first moment he will notice the desire for a harmonious life, the diversity in the unity of the Indian people, his friendly smile and his human warmth, which will reveal the feeling of fullness that the Indian experiences in his life. He will marvel at the festivals and temples and if he is attracted to the spiritual path, India offers him the wisdoms of Hinduism, Jainism, Christianity, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism and Judaism.
The gentle and hospitable Indian people will make you feel very special. The holidays in India never end. The Indians celebrate them during the year in all seasons. The splendor and grace of Indian classical music and dances are something that words can not describe but must be experienced in person. India awaits you.
Official Name : Bharat Juktarashtra (Republic of India).
Geographical Situation : The Republic of India is located in Southwest Asia; It is bathed by the Arabian Sea, geographically composing the Gulf of Bengal. It is located between Burma and Pakistan.
Borders : Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal and Pakistan.
Surface : The extension of the country is 3,287,263 km2.
Population : Its approximate population is 1,000,848,550 inhabitants. The Indian population consists of Indo-Aryans, Dravidians, Mongols and Australoids, the vast majority. A minority belongs to more than 300 tribes of Vedic and Dravidian origin.
Capital and population : The capital of India is New Delhi. It is located in the state of Haryanna, in the north of the country; it occupies a great plain on the west bank of the yamura, as sacred as the Ganges, of which it is a tributary. The population in New Delhi is 294,150 (available only for the 1991 census).
Main cities of India : Mumbai (Bombay), Calcutta, Benares, Agra, Jaipur, Ranakpur, Udaipur.
Religion : The majority religion is Hinduism (83%); Muslims account for 11%, and Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains, the remaining 6%.
Official language : English is the most important language for being a vehicle of political, economic and cultural communications in India. Hindi is the official national language. Sanskrit is the academic language (very ancient and classical language). The nation designated 14 languages as official languages in their respective regions; part of them are Tamil, Gujarati, Bangali, Marathi, Urdu etc.
Government : India is a federal Republic, with a bicameral parliamentary system. The country is administratively divided into 27 states and seven territories of the Union. Each state is headed by a governor appointed by the president of the Republic for a period of five years.
Main economic resources : Agriculture is the main source of resources for a large part of the population. It is mainly based on the production of rice, wheat, vegetable oil, cotton, jute, tea, sugar cane and potatoes. Meat products are usually those from cattle, buffaloes, sheep and goats. Fish is also a very important food and resource in India. The minerals that most occur are coal, iron ore, mica, titanium and natural gas among others. The industry is based on the production of fabrics, fabrics, chemicals, steel, cement, oil, etc. The service sector occupies 21% of the inhabitants of the country.
Weather in India
The climate in India varies enormously due to its wide extension. In the Himalayas, temperatures are very low with snow throughout the year; the climate on the coasts is temperate. The climate of India is determined by the monsoons: it is hot and dry for eight months of the year, and in the summer it rains copiously. It has three seasons: the winter that goes from October to March, summer from April to June; in this month begins the monsoon that remains until the month of September crossing the territory.
The electrical current is 230 Volts at 50 Hz. In some cities plugs of two and three round plugs are used so it is recommended to carry an adapter.
What to see in India
North Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. They form the northern region of India. The preparations for the trip are over and you are finally in India. This is where deep love for a woman created the Taj Mahal , where the king of the kings reigned, where the banks of the sacred Ganges become a trail of holy cities, where the silent and magnificent Himalayas rise, where five thousand years of culture await the world. Rajasthan is the beautiful state in India having so many attractions famous for its historical beauty, forts & palaces, tradition & culture, cuisine and a lots of things. Jaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer these are the beautiful and famous cities of Rajasthan.
Scattered throughout the north of India there are thousands of monuments of the conquerors who came in droves: Aryans, Greeks, Afghans, Persians. Through the intricate snow-clad mountains, the invaders came overwhelming, some to perish, others to prevail. Popular faith holds that the soul is purified by bathing in the sacred River Ganges , a river adored by the Hindus. There are numerous holy cities on its banks, such as Varanasi, Allahabad, Rishilesk and Haridwar. The mingling among the motley crowd is one of the many fascinating and mysterious experiences that await you in India. It produces spiritual inspiration to see that one of the oldest religions in the world is still alive and with so many passionate believers. With the first light of dawn pilgrims pray on the steps of the river, women bathe discreetly in their colorful saris and children with bright smiles and dark eyes play beside them.
South Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Pondicherry and Tamil Nadu form the charming south where the Indian cultural heritage is most intact. It is a country of temples, of orange flowers, of music. Madras, home to one of the oldest cultures in the world, is a good starting point to get to know the south.
Cuisine in India
The unforgettable aroma of India not only consists of the fragrance of jasmine, fresh roses or sandalwood. It is also the smell of spices, so important in the local cuisine, especially in the preparation of curry. The Indian cook has more than twenty-five ground spices with which he prepares the “masalas”, which also possess medicinal properties. The meat dishes are excellent, the “rogan josh” (lamb curry), the “gushtaba” (meatballs with spices in yogurt), the delicious “biryani” (chicken or lamb with rice, flavored with orange, seasoned with sugar and rose water), the always popular “tanduri” (roasted in clay ovens).
In the south, do not miss the coconut “chutney” or the “sambar” with “masala dosa” made with fermented rice and lentils. It is true that Indian cuisine is immense , it can be eaten spicy or not, as desired.
Shopping in India
The Indian handicrafts has its own specialties of great beauty. The textile industry is one of the main ones of India, the silk of Benares, or embroidered in gold of Mysore. Kashmir has a long tradition of upholstery with wool carpets and silk tapestries of exquisite manufacture. The silver ornaments of Rajasthan and the hand-worked gold of Kerala and Tamil Nadu are also products of splendid beauty and great cultural roots.
The products found in India, are of great artisan variety with a wide cultural tradition in its manufacture of leather, perfumes , soaps and thousands of gift items of all kinds.
Clothing to travel to India
It is recommended to bring cotton clothes if you travel in summer and warm clothes if you travel in winter or if you plan to visit the north of the country. It is essential to wear a raincoat and comfortable shoes.
Transportation in India
By Air : Airplane is the one of the easiest transport used to travel in India and also one of the transports that offers more offers and possibilities for the traveler. It is advisable to make reservations in advance and enjoy as much time as possible to complete all boarding procedures at the airport. With a special ticket, you can travel for seven days throughout the country at a very affordable price.
By Train : India has a very well connected railway network, hence its prestige: it is the second largest rail network in the world. Traveling by train is very safe and cheap. You have to take into account the kind of ticket that has been chosen to make the trip, since it is advisable first class. Luxury Trains are also available in India. Such as Maharaja Express, Palace on Wheels, Deccan Odyssey, Golden Chariot and few other.
By Road : In India besides the traditional taxi, which we know in the West, there are “Rickshaws”, a kind of tricycle with buggy; normally the cost of the trip is usually half that of a taxi. It is advisable to haggle the price before the tour. There are also the “Moto Rickshaws”. The “Rickshaws” are prohibited in New Delhi. Urban buses are not very comfortable since they tend to be unpunctual, although they are very cheap. Normally there is no problem when it comes to tracing the lines between the main cities.
To drive in India , an international driver’s license is essential , although you can get the transient by presenting a valid permit and a passport in the offices of the local authorities.